Author: Ahmadou Kourouma. Genre: Novel French title: Les Soleils des indépendances; Translated by Adrian Adams; Awarded the Prix de la Francité and the. The disinherited heir of Dumbuya royalty, Fama ekes out a living using his status to beg at ceremonies, and through the efforts of his wife Salimata. into English Ahmadou Kourouma’s Les Soleils des Indépendances() as The Suns of. Independence() and Ousmane Sembène’s Le.
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The disinherited heir of Dumbuya royalty, Fama ekes out a living using his status to beg at ceremonies, and through the efforts of his wife Salimata.
When his cousin dies, he returns to his native village to reclaim what is left of his inheritance, which he succeeds in doing with the help of a el and a fetish-priest. When he returns to the capital with one of his new wives, however, he unwisely becomes involved in politics and is imprisoned.
Inserted in this is the story of Salimata, who has fled circumcision and rape, and her desperate attempts to bear a child, resorting to charms and magic but not to infidelity.
Imbued with the details and rhythms of Malinke life and folklore and language, The Suns of Independence embeds us in a foreign world without self-consciousness or exoticism. It describes the unhappy confrontation of traditional culture with the fruits of independence, with socialism, the single party, and state violence.
All of this is explained by the narrator, but without overpowering us, in a manner and style which work with the story. The Koran says that once dead, summoned independacnes God, a man has departed this earth forever; and Malinke custom assigns the head of a family his own patriarchal hut within the compound.
No doubt about it then. There was the spacious hut left empty since Cousin Lasina’s death, that had housed all the great Dumbuya ancestors. Fama need only open it up and settle in. But among the Bambara, the unbelievers, the Kaffirs, one must never sleep in a dead man’s room without performing a small sacrifice to ward of spirits and shades.
Les Soleils des indépendances
The fetish-priest and sorcerer Balla, the village unbeliever we’ll have more to say ahmaxou him later on, the wily beast, the old hyena reminded Fama of this infidel’s custom. In spite of his deep faith in the Koran, in God and in Mohammed, Fama spent the whole night in a little hut, huddled between some old water-jars and a mangy mongrel.
A most unpleasant night! It had to be that way.
Les Soleils des indépendances by Ahmadou Kourouma
Nothing is good or evil in itself. It is speech that turns a thing into good or evil. And misfortune always, inevitably, follows the transgression of a custom, if the culprit agmadou warned that such a custom existed, especially in the case of the customs of a village in the bush.
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